Country Information

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About country

Taiwan is governed by the Republic of China.  The main island of the nation, called Formosa, is located in Southeast Asia just off the coast of mainland China.  It is also located north-northwest of the Philippines and southwest of Japan. It is bound by the Pacific Ocean in the east, the South China Sea and the Luzon Strait to the South, the Taiwan Strait to the West and the East China Sea to the North. Formosa is 245 miles long and 89 miles wide.

The country is divided into two climates- with the South experiencing tropical monsoon and the North experiencing Subtropical Monsoon. The climate in the country is characterized by high temperatures and humidity. The country also experiences substantial rainfall.

The national language of the country is Taiwanese.

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There are plenty of accommodations in Taiwan so travelers shouldn’t have a hard time finding one that will fit their budget and needs.  There are hotels, hostels and various accommodations in large cities and even in far-flung provinces.

The accommodations range from first-class hotels to “homestays”. You will find accommodations that have been approved by the Tourism Bureau with signs that says they have been certified.


Airport Tax

Outbound passengers must pay a departure tax of NT $ 300.   There is no domestic airport tax.


Arrival and Departure

There are two international airports in Taiwan, the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport also known as the CKS International Airport, located in Taoyuan, Taiwan and the Kaohsiung International Airport., located in Kaohsiung Taiwan.


There are also twelve domestic airports in the country:

1.      Chiayi

2.      Chimei

3.      Green Island

4.      Haulien

5.      Kaohsiung

6.      Makung

7.      Orchid Island

8.      Taianan

9.      Taichung

10.  Taipei - Sungshan

11.  Taitung

12.  Wangan



The National Currency of Taiwan, ROC is the New Taiwan Dollar.  The following notes have been issued: NT$1000, NT$500, NT$100, NT$50. The following coins have also been issued: NT$50, NT$10, NT$5, NT$1.

It is easy to have foreign currency changed in banks in major cities in Taiwan.


Money Changers

Cash and traveler’s cheques can be easily exchanges in large banks however you will find it difficult to exchange traveler’s cheques in rural areas.  It is best to have money changed in big cities because the traveler has more options when it comes to banks in the cities. When changing money, shop around, to see which bank offers the best rate.  There is really no legal money changing agent in Taiwan but some jewelry shops do exchange money.  Some of these shops offer better rates than banks but the travel must be careful no protection is offered to travelers in this case.


There are many banks in Taiwan where a traveler can do business.  A foreigner can exchange money, open a bank account and even remit money to other countries in Taiwan Banks.  Below is a list of the major banks in Taiwan:



·         Bank Sinopac

·         Chang Hwa Commercial Bank Limited

·         Chiao Tung Bank Company Limited

·         China Development Industrial Bank

·         Farmers Bank Of China (The)

·         First Commercial Bank Company Limited

·         Hsinchu International Bank

·         International Bank Of Taipei

·         International Commercial Bank Of China (The)

·         Kaohsiung Business Bank

·         Taichung Commercial Bank Company Limited

·         Tainan Business Bank

·         Taishin International Bank

·         Taitung Business Bank

Credit/ Charge Cards

Major international credit cards such as Master card and Visa can be used in hotels and other big, or upscale commercial establishments.  It is best to advice your credit card company that you are traveling to a foreign country and intend to use your credit card to avoid any problems when you are already in Taiwan. Also verify with the card issuer if the have additional charges and other fees for using the card internationally.



There are many food places in cities in Taiwan but many of the small eateries do not have English menus.  If you are not adventurous when it comes to food then it is best to avoid small noodle stands and shops that sell food with ingredients that may be unfamiliar to you including innards and organs.

There are plenty of places that offer fresh and affordable dumplings. There are also upscale restaurants in major cities that serve foreign cuisines.

There are also American fast foods in the country like McDonald’s for those looking for fast and affordable meals.


Drinking Water

While water in most parts of Taiwan is safe to drink, it is still highly recommended for travelers to drink bottled water sold in convenience stores and supermarkets.



The electricity in Taiwan is 110 Volts, alternating at 60 cycles per second. You will need a voltage converter if you are traveling to Taiwan with a device that runs on 220 volts.


What to Wear

It is normal for men and women in Taipei and other major cities in Taiwan to be dressed sharply.  This is because there are many affordable and stylish cloths available.  If you are traveling to Taiwan for leisure then casual clothes are perfectly acceptable. Just make sure to bring at least one dressy ensemble so that you won’t feel out of place when you have to go out for a nice meal at a fancy restaurant.  If you are traveling to Taiwan for business or for work then you will have to bring more formal clothes.


Mobile Phones

Travelers can use a prepaid mobile SIM to call within and outside Taipei.  A prepaid mobile SIM can be used with a mobile phone that is not locked to a service provider. 

Payphone Services

There are sufficient payphone services in Taiwan especially in major cities so making local and international call shouldn’t be a problem for the traveler.  There are even pay phone booths that offer internet access via dial-up.


Postal Services

The postal service in Taiwan is operated by the Taiwan Post Co., Ltd., a state-owned company. Aside from letter and package delivery, post offices in Taiwan also offer banking and basic life insurance services.



Taiwan has a fully-integrated transport system especially in the West where majority of the Taiwanese population live. Apart from the two international airports that service the nation, there are also twelve domestic airports in Taiwan. There is also a modern railway system in the country that covers over 1,000 kilometers of tracks, plus highways and freeways that make transportation in Taiwan efficient.  There is also a rapid transmit system as well as taxi cabs and other forms of public transportation.


Visa and Entry Facilities

Travelers with a valid US passport can enter Taiwan without a visa provided the stay will not exceed 30 days.  The traveler’s passport be valid for at least six months after the date of entry and must have a confirmed return ticket.  If the passport is valid for less than six months then a traveler can apply for a landing visa once in Taiwan.  Travelers can also choose to apply for a valid visa before entering the country.


Country Code

The country code for Taiwan is 886. There are also codes for various cities. Check with the operator or online for the city codes.


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