Breast Reduction Surgery

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Breast Reduction Surgery: aka Mammaplasty, Breast Reduction




What is it?


Many women with large breasts face discomfort as well as health and emotional problems, leading to their decision to reduce the size of their breasts in a cosmetic procedure. This cosmetic procedure can be performed in a surgeon’s office, a medical facility or a hospital. The procedure reduces the size of a woman’s breasts by removing excess fat, excess skin and glandular skin.




The Operation


The operation includes several steps:


  1. Anesthesia will be administered through an IV prior to being moved into the surgical room. The type and amount of anesthesia will be determined by the physician and your current medical condition and history.
  2. The surgeon will make their incision. There are several incision options, including a circular pattern around the areola, a racket shape below the nipple, and an inverted T shape below the nipple. The surgeon will determine the best surgical incision type for your breast shape and size as well as the amount of tissue that is being removed.
  3. The surgeon will remove the excess tissue. Once the tissue is removed, the breast is reshaped to the desirable shape.
  4. The incision site is closed with sutures and adhesives.




Alternatives to Surgery


As this is a cosmetic procedure, a woman can elect to maintain their current breast size and shape. For women with large breasts, there are several bra options that can enhance a woman’s comfort levels, helping to alleviate any discomfort or back pain that they are experiencing.




Before the Operation


Before surgery, the patient may be asked to do the following:


  • Have lab testing and a full medical evaluation to ensure that the patient is in a strong state of health to endure surgery
  • Take prescribed medications or change or stop current medications that may interfere with the surgical procedure
  • Have a mammogram to save a baseline used for future comparisons
  • Stop smoking
  • Stop food intake or water intake at a certain time the day prior to surgery




After the Operation- In the Hospital


It is during the time within the hospital that the patient will be recovering from the anesthesia. Most medical facilities and surgeons will require the patient to meet certain requirements before they are allowed to leave the facility. It is also important to have a driver as the patient will not be allowed to drive themselves home following the procedure.




After the Operation- At Home


The patient will experience discomfort for several days and up to several weeks following the procedure. There will be a follow up appointment that will be important to attend and specific instructions that should be followed to ensure a successful recovery period. The incision site will need to be cleaned and kept dry. In some cases, a tube will be inserted to help fluid drain following the surgery. If so, there will be specific instructions provided on how to maintain this and when to come back to have it removed. If there are any abnormalities experienced, it is crucial to notify the medical facility and your surgeon immediately.




Possible Complications


While not all patients will experience complications, it is important to review the list and to be aware of what may be experienced during or after the cosmetic procedure. Some of the possible complications can include:


  • Scarring
  • Infection
  • Changes in nipple sensation
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Poor wound healing
  • Skin discolorations
  • Fluid build up
  • Inability to breast feed
  • Ongoing pain
  • Excess firmness of the breast




General Advice


When considering cosmetic procedures, it is important to search for an experienced surgeon that you feel comfortable with. Be sure to ask questions about the procedure, what to expect, whether you are a good candidate and what all of the potential risk factors may be. As this is also a cosmetic procedure, it is considered completely voluntary. Therefore, it is also advised to evaluate other options that may not include surgery to reduce your discomfort or pain.




Estimated Cost for Breast Reduction Surgery

While this procedure is considered to be cosmetic in nature, in some cases insurance will cover the operation. Be sure to ask your insurance carrier about what requirements you would have to meet in order to be eligible for them to pay for the operation.


Country Cost
USA $5,000-7,000
Brazil $3,800
Costa Rica $2,900
South Africa $5,000
Thailand $2,500-3,500

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