Bookmark and Share



IVF: aka In Vitro Fertilization, IUI, ICSI, Assisted Reproductive Technologies In Vitro Fertilization Surgery, Fertilization




What is it?


IVF or in vitro fertilization is a technique that can help a woman become pregnant. IVF is an advanced technology like many other technologies including IUI or intrauterine insemination and ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. IVF has helped roughly one quarter of a million couples conceive children. IVF is also known as a form of assisted reproduction because the baby is technically conceived in a laboratory and transferred into the biological parent’s uterus.




The Operation


During this procedure, the sperm and egg are combined in a laboratory Petri dish. At this time fertilization occurs, or conception. Then the embryo is transplanted back into the woman’s womb, where theoretically it will grow naturally and develop. Typically the lab will allow up to 4 embryos to be planted into the woman’s uterus. Each implantation attempt is referred to as a cycle.


The reason so many attempts are made and so many embryos are placed is that not all if any survive. Many have called this process the “test tube baby” processes. Many children are conceived using IVF processes. Women that want to carry a child to term but have blocked fallopian tubes have no choice but to try IVF. It can also help women whose partners have low sperm counts or women that have endometriosis that has affected the fallopian tubes.




Alternatives to Surgery


There are many alternatives to IVF. These include intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination and ICSI. Women can also choose to adopt children. Some women will choose traditional surrogacy or gestational surrogacy with IVF to parent biological children as well.


Still other alternatives to this treatment include zygote intrafallopian transfer or ZIFT, where a woman’s eggs are taken from the ovaries and put back into the fallopian tubes after fertilization, and gamete intrafallopian transfer or GIFT, where eggs are placed in the fallopian tube. Both of these procedures assume a woman has at least one working fallopian tube.




Before the Operation


Prior to the surgery many couples will undergo fertility treatments. Some will also take hormone therapy to prepare the uterus for pregnancy and to prepare the uterine lining to carry the baby for the next 9 months.




After the Operation- At Home


A woman is provided with hormones for a period of 2 weeks following the surgery to assist with implantation. If this works the egg attaches to the uterine wall and the pregnancy continues. During the course of the next 2 weeks the woman starts producing pregnancy hormones and should be able to detect the pregnancy on a home pregnancy test.




Possible Complications


The most well noted complication of IVF is multiple births, because roughly 30 percent or more parents that conceive with IVF will have twins. Roughly 60 percent will have single babies. A very small percent will have triplets.


Some women are at risk for uterine infection following the IVF procedure although this risk is very small. Sterile operating procedures greatly reduce this risk. Studies suggest that the in vitro fertilization procedure is safe.




General Advice


In vitro fertilization is a good albeit somewhat expensive option for couples interested in conceiving a biological child especially if they have suffered from infertility and have troubles related to low sperm counts, fibroids, endometriosis and related problems. Fertility experts will conduct a through screening and ensure the best possible treatment to prepare your body for treatment and a positive prognosis.


The success rate for IVF vary; for women younger than age 35 the success rate is just under 40 percent for each cycle. For women under 40 years of age the success rate drops to just fewer than 30 percent. Women older than 40 may not be able to conceive with IVF, although the success rate is between 10 and 13 percent.




Estimated Costs for In Vitro Fertilization


IVF doesn’t seem like it is as costly as some alternatives in the beginning, but many couples do not realize it often takes several cycles before a woman becomes pregnant. Some couples will have to try for three or four cycles or more before they successfully conceive and before the egg implants into the uterus. Many couples will spend 20-50 thousand dollars in the United States and still not conceive. Still others will conceive and still have to pay many expenses associated with a high risk pregnancy.


For some couples, trying IVF overseas is the answer to the high costs associated with IVF. Be sure you conduct your research wisely and take care to find a clinic you are comfortable with. Many reputable medical clinics overseas can offer you the high quality and personable medical care you need to try IVF when you want in a comfortable and nurturing environment. Many couples elect to go on vacation or to try IVF while on holiday. This can help reduce some of the stress associated with trying IVF for the first time.


Country Costs IVF
USA $14,000 per cycle
India $1800 per cycle
Malaysia $1900 per cycle
Singapore $2500 per cycle
Thailand $1800 per cycle

Ask a Question