Traditional Surrogacy: aka Surrogacy, Gestational Surrogacy, Traditional Surrogacy Via Artificial Insemination
What is it?
Traditional surrogacy is a way to give birth to a baby by asking the surrogate mother to use her egg which is viable and another man’s sperm. Traditional surrogacy uses artificial insemination, where the fertilized egg of the surrogate is used to conceive the baby.
Traditional surrogacy historically used to be the one way infertile couples could ask a surrogate to have a baby for them. Many people prefer to have babies this way when using a surrogate. Artificial insemination tends to be an easier and relatively pain free way to conceive a child and it is less expensive than some other choices including In Vitro Fertilization or IVF.
One of the bigger reasons parents choose traditional surrogacy is its higher rate for conception because of artificial insemination and its lower cost. Traditional surrogacy has a higher success rate and lower cost than other procedures including IVF.
Surrogates that have had children before are even more likely to conceive.
There are many ways to perform artificial inseminations. Most are very successful when performed well with well-screened candidates. Here are a few common procedures:
- IUI - intrauterine inseminations
- ICI - cervical inseminations
Cervical inseminations basically involve placing the donor sperm directly into the cervix using a small catheter. IUI involves using only washed sperm meaning semen spun through a centrifuge so that the strong sperm only can enter the cervix so there is a higher chance for insemination.
Some people opt for home inseminations when they use the ICI method.
Alternatives to Surgery
Women always have the option of adopting a child if they don’t want to go through the process of surrogacy. A woman that is infertile can decide to adopt a child which would be similar to traditional surrogacy only she might not be able to adopt a newborn infant in all cases.
Many children however are available for adoption that are very young and from all areas of the world. Women that want to have a child born through surrogacy could always elect to have the surrogate select the male donor if they find their partner is not fertile as well.
Most of the time women do have a choice to elect to use fertility drugs. These can increase the odds of having multiples, especially twins. If a woman decides to use these she should be cautioned as to the risks and the possibility of raising more than one child following pregnancy. This pregnancy could also present challenges to the surrogate so this subject should be broached with both families.
Before the Operation
Women can help by keeping track of their menstrual period and timing artificial inseminations to they occur around the time the woman ovulates. Some parents may opt to use fertility drugs, one of which is Clomid, to increase the odds of a successful conception, although this may also increase the risk of twins, something some parents do not mind.
Many women also chart their fertility using a Basal Body Thermometer which can increase their odds of accurately timing ovulation.
Other women track fertility signs including cervical mucous while others use fertility monitors to get the best possible prediction of ovulation.
After the Operation- At Home
After the procedure a woman will have to wait up to 2 weeks following ovulation to test to see if she has become pregnant. Some women will have to wait a few days longer before she starts producing pregnancy hormone before it will show up on a home pregnancy test although the pregnancy may show up on a blood test that measures this hormone.
There is a genetic link between the surrogate mother and the baby she conceives. Some people feel this can be problematic because it does create some bond between the surrogate mother and the baby. Many people feel it might be difficult for the mother to give up the child when the time comes for birth. Other people are not comfortable with the idea of the child having any bond to the surrogate mother.
There may also be genetic health problems that are undiagnosed that the surrogate mother may pas on to the child. There is no predicting how the surrogate mother may react when the child is born, although usually most surrogates are able to provide the child to the mother after the pregnancy with few problems as this is their intention when entering these relationships.
Traditional surrogacy is by far the more common form of surrogacy and the more affordable and simplest way to parent a surrogate child. The process is by far the simplest and most affordable for many parents interested in having a child through a surrogate parent. Make sure you do your research and homework and get to know the surrogate, and are fully aware of her intentions before you enter a relationship with her. You also want to be sure the surrogate is fully informed about your intentions in the relationship before and after the child is born to avoid any conflict.
Estimated Costs for Traditional Surrogacy
The costs for traditional surrogacy are much less than for gestational surrogacy worldwide, mostly because traditional surrogacy does not require the length infertility treatments and IVF treatments that gestational surrogacy will. Many countries allow women to sign rights over as soon as a baby is born in a traditional surrogacy.
Below are some cost-estimates from country-to-country for traditional surrogacy for your review. These costs may change depending on many different factors including the age, health and status of the surrogate.
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